Role of Botox therapy in facial paralysis

Role of Botox therapy in facial paralysis

Whenever facial paralysis happens the problem is with nerve that is facial nerve. Your facial nerve starts from your brain passes to your ears and then branches out in five branches. In facial paralysis there is inflammation and pressure on the nerve due to this signals from the brain stops there and those signals cannot move forward that’s why face gets paralyzed. Signals from brain not able to reach to the muscles.

With the help of medications this inflammation slowly reduces after which nerve comes to original shape and slowly you can see facial muscles movements are coming back. But in certain cases where inflammation is more or viral load is more or damage to nerve is more it will take time to recover.

When recovery is delayed and taking more than 3 months there will be some secondary changes happened in facial muscles. It causes lack of flexibility in facial muscles or facial muscle contracture, also fat pads which are present above the muscle or below the muscle tend to lose or drops down due to which face on affected side starts looking little more flat and muscle try to contract more to match up to normal side. Ultimately it leads to synkinesis. The face will look more asymmetrical.

Now as a solution of this Botox therapy is used. What exactly Botox therapy does?
It works by preventing the release of acetylcholine into the neuromuscular junction thereby inhibiting muscle contraction. A Botox treatment for permanent or longstanding Bell's palsy is available to help patients mitigate the effects of unilateral facial weakness.

- It relaxes hyperactive muscles
- It temporarily restores facial symmetry
- resulting in an improved facial appearance.

The duration of effect for Botox therapy is approximately four months. It will then need to be repeated to maintain the desired effect.

These non-invasive skin treatments are ideal for patients with a small degree of asymmetry and who don't want to commit to any permanent change in their face. Botox therapy can be used to correct asymmetry in facial areas such as Chin and Cheeks. The best part of treatment is you get immediate results.

Risk factors of Botox therapy –

• Bruising or swelling at the site of the injection.
• Slight feeling of nausea or headache.
• Tiredness or pain in the arms and legs.
• Temporary drooping of the eyebrow or upper eyelid.
• Brief visual disturbances (double vision).
• Dry mouth and/or eyes.
• Skin rash or itching.
• Breathing difficulties and/or swallowing difficulties.
• Muscle wasting.
• On rare occasions patients may have an allergic reaction to botulinum toxin injection
• You have to repeat process after certain duration.
• When injection not done in right wat it may damages structures under skin such as veins and arteries.

Botox therapy should be done only when doctor has analyzed the condition well and doctor or cosmetologist recommends it. It should do under expert’s supervision and guidance.

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