How does Cryotherapy help in pain relief?

How cryotherapy helps in pain relief?

Cold therapy is also known as cryotherapy. cold therapy is often recommended to help relieve an aching pain that results from muscle or joint damage.

How cryotherapy works? -

It works by reducing blood flow to a particular area, which can significantly reduce inflammation and swelling that causes pain, especially around a joint or a tendon. It can temporarily reduce nerve activity, which can also relieve pain.

Cold fomentation helps decreasing the temperature that present in the soft tissues, skin and underline muscles. There is sudden vasoconstriction after application of cold pack that means blood vessels that are present inside injured areas shrinks for some time then slowly opens up this gives time to injury process to heal and thus help in healing the tissues.

It reduces inflammation of tissues.

It improves the tissue excitability also reduces acute blood flow.

It also numbs sore tissues, acting as a local anesthetic, and slows down the pain messages being transmitted to the brain.

For cold therapy, or cryotherapy, a water bottle filled with cold water, a pad cooled in the freezer (ice pack), or cool water can be used.

When to apply ice pack?

Apply within 48 hours after an injury. Rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE) are part of the standard treatment for sports injuries. Cryotherapy can help in cases of:

• osteoarthritis
• a recent injury
• strains
• gout
• tendinitis, or irritation in the tendons

Following activity Cryotherapy is not suitable in following situations -

• there is a risk of cramping, as cold can make this worse
• the person is already cold or the area is already numb
• there is an open wound or blistered skin

• the person has some kind of vascular disease or injury, or sympathetic dysfunction, in which a nerve disorder affects blood flow
• hypersensitivity to cold.

So if you are suffering from recent injury use cryotherapy within 48 hrs. to get good results.

1. medical news today

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *