Chronic pain

Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts for over three months. Persistent pain that lasts weeks to years. The pain can be there all the time, or it may come and go. It can happen anywhere in your body. Chronic pain can interfere with your daily activities, such as working, having a social life and taking care of yourself or others.

What causes chronic pain?
There are many causes of chronic pain. It may have started from an illness or injury, from which you may have long since recovered from, but pain remained. Or there may be an ongoing cause of pain, such as arthritis or cancer.

cases of chronic pain are:

• Low back pain.
• Arthritis, especially osteoarthritis.
• Headache.
• Multiple sclerosis.
• Fibromyalgia.
• Shingles.
• Nerve damage (neuropathy)
• Post fracture
• Overuse injuries

Symptoms of chronic pain

• joint pain.
• muscle aches.
• burning pain.
• fatigue.
• sleep problems.
• loss of stamina and flexibility, due to decreased activity.
• mood problems, including depression, anxiety, and irritability.

How can I cope with chronic pain?

1. Avoid smoking.
2. Don't try to do too much. ...
3. Eat a healthy diet.
4. Exercise regularly.
5. Get enough sleep.
6. Manage your stress.
7. Join a support group.
8. Limit alcohol, which can cause more problems with sleep and pain.
9. Psychological counseling.

Treatment for chronic pain Getting your condition assessed and diagnosed properly is the first step toward treatment. Visit your doctor and explain your symptoms.

1. Medications The most common treatments for chronic pain are NSAIDs, acetaminophen, COX-2 inhibitors, antidepressants and anti-seizure medicines, and opioids.
2. Physiotherapy In physiotherapy your physiotherapist will do assessment of your problem. They will start with heat therapy, pain relieving modality depending on cause and nature of pain, exercises to relax muscles. Then they may give you stretching exercises to maintain normal length of muscles and strengthening exercises to weak muscles. Relaxation techniques also will help to reduce anxiety.
3. Cognitive behavioral therapy cognitive behavioral therapy remaps the brain to redirect the signals sent by the nervous system.
4. Balance diet
5. Yoga therapy
As it helps to relax muscles, encourages deep, restorative breathing and increases mindfulness yoga can be beneficial in reducing the depression and anxiety that comes with chronic pain, thus improving your quality of life.
6. Surgery If cause of pain not getting resolved conservatively doctor may advice patient for surgery.
If you are suffering from such long term pain, please don’t ignore. Consult proper expert team and get treated.

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